is an oasis city, and capital of Djanet District, in Illizi Province, southeast Algeria. It is located 412 kilometres south of the provincial capital, Illizi. It has a population of 14,655. It is inhabited by the Kel Ajjer Tuareg people.
The main town of the Tassili, Djanet is a pretty place with its own colour scheme: whitewashed buildings with blue doors line the main streets, set off by dark blue and gold lampposts that would look more at home in an English seaside town. The setting is charming too – the town is built on the edge of a palmeraie so feels quite lush and it is dwarfed by the mountains that surround it.
The region of Djanet has been inhabited since Neolithic times. There were periods of ten thousand years at a time that the area was not desert. The flora and fauna were luxuriant as is seen in the numerous rock paintings of Tassili n'Ajjer around Djanet. Populations of hunter-gatherers lived there.
Djanet was founded in the Middle Ages by the Tuareg. The Ottoman Empire, which had a nominal authority over the Fezzan region, reinforced their presence in the area at the beginning of the 20th century in reaction to the colonization of Africa by the Europeans. Djanet has a hot desert climate with very hot summers and mild winters. The city is extremely dry throughout the year, with an annual average rainfall of just 14.6 millimetres and no month with an average of more than 3 millimetres.
How to get to Djanet :
Djanet Inedbirene Airport is located about 50 km south of the city centre.
If you travel from Europe , you need to take a flight or ferry to capital - Algiers and then you take flight to Djanet (Djanet airport).
The Musée du Tassili has a small collection of exhibits detailing the history and environment of the region. One room concentrates on the formation of Tassili N’Ajjer plateau and on its animal and plant life and has some gazelle and sheep skulls, ostrich eggs and ceramics. Another room contains a beautiful photographic exhibition of the rock paintings of the region. The best exhibition contains reproductions of nomad life, including a life-sized zeriba and Tuareg jewellery, weaponry and musical instruments.
Ksar Elmihane is the remains of one of the oldest original settlements in this area. It looks quite romantic from the outside and you can wander round the old streets and hollow, crumbling building but the romance is ruined by all of the scattered tin cans and animal skulls and bones.